Why do we say that democracy was born in Athens in the fifth century BC? How did it work that regime? What were the rights and duties of citizens? Because that experience was so important? The ancient Athenians were the first to ask these questions: For them democracy was not only a political regime, but a real way of life, the result of a long and often arduous journey, which culminated in the great victories of Marathon and Salamis. The Athenians, almost alone, defeated the armies of the Persian Empire, and from that time Athens was a model for all Greeks. Tracing the history of ancient Athens from the beginning until the conquests of Alexander the Great, this book is intended as an invitation for the curious reader, but not necessarily expert in ancient history to wonder about the origins of the oldest democracy and its values.