Stereotype threat and female communication styles

von Hippel, Courtney, Wiryakusuma, Cindy, Bowden, Jessica and Shochet, Megan (2011) Stereotype threat and female communication styles. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37 10: 1312-1324. doi:10.1177/0146167211410439

Author von Hippel, Courtney
Wiryakusuma, Cindy
Bowden, Jessica
Shochet, Megan
Title Stereotype threat and female communication styles
Journal name Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0146-1672
Publication date 2011-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0146167211410439
Volume 37
Issue 10
Start page 1312
End page 1324
Total pages 13
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Abstract A large body of research has documented the performance-debilitating effects of stereotype threat for individuals, but there is a paucity of research exploring interpersonal consequences of stereotype threat. Two experiments tested the hypothesis that stereotype threat would change the style in which women communicate. Results indicate that women who experience stereotype threat regarding leadership abilities react against the stereotype by adopting a more masculine communication style. Study 2 provides evidence that self-affirmation eliminates this effect of stereotype threat on women’s communication styles. A third study demonstrates an ironic consequence of this effect of stereotype threat on women’s communication—when women under stereotype threat adopt a more masculine communication style, they are rated as less warm and likeable, and evaluators indicate less willingness to comply with their requests. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
Keyword Stereotype threat
Social identity threat
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 19 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 22 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 19 Feb 2012, 16:17:36 EST by Courtney Von Hippel on behalf of School of Psychology