Simultaneous fortification of iron and zinc in parboiled rice kernel

Prom-u-thai, C., Huang, L., Cakmak, I. and Rerkasem, B. (2011) Simultaneous fortification of iron and zinc in parboiled rice kernel. Science Asia, 37 4: 296-302. doi:10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2011.37.296

Author Prom-u-thai, C.
Huang, L.
Cakmak, I.
Rerkasem, B.
Title Simultaneous fortification of iron and zinc in parboiled rice kernel
Journal name Science Asia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1513-1874
Publication date 2011-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2011.37.296
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 37
Issue 4
Start page 296
End page 302
Total pages 7
Place of publication Bangkok, Pathumwan, Thailand
Publisher Science Society of Thailand under the Patronage of His Majesty the King
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Fortification with Fe or Zn during parboiling process can effectively increase the concentration of each of these nutrients in rice. As Fe and Zn are often both limited in the diet of rice eaters, the present study investigated the feasibility of simultaneous fortification of parboiled rice with Fe (Fe-EDTA) and Zn (ZnSO4). The samples were treated with solutions consisting of both elements at different Fe:Zn concentration ratios (as mg/l) in the ranges 50:50, 50:100, 50:150, 50:200, and 100:50, 150:50, 200:50. Parboiling resulted in a nearly 5-folds increase in the concentration of Fe and Zn in rice kernels, depending on the rice cultivars. The added Fe and Zn penetrated across the husk and aleurone layers into the endosperm tissue, with a close relationship between unpolished and polished rice in their Fe (r=0.86, p<0.01) and Zn concentration (r=0.87, p<0.01). All to nearly all of the fortified Fe (80–100%) and Zn (70–100%) were retained after a washing that simulated the common practice of a pre-cooking wash. The fortified Fe and Zn in the polished kernels were highly bio-accessible, which was 45–100% for Fe and 88–97% for Zn. These results show how Fe and Zn concentration in polished parboiled rice can be increased by simultaneous fortification with both nutrients during the parboiling process.
Keyword Multi fortification
Parboiling process
Protein bodies
Grain tissues
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation Publications
Official 2012 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 3 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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