Seasonal PM(10) dynamics in Kathmandu Valley

Aryal, Rupak Kumar, Lee, Byeong-Kyu, Karki, Rahul, Gurung, Anup, Kandasamy, Jaya, Pathak, Bipin Kumar, Sharma, Suman and Giri, Nirita (2008) Seasonal PM(10) dynamics in Kathmandu Valley. Atmospheric Environment, 42 37: 8623-8633. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.08.016

Author Aryal, Rupak Kumar
Lee, Byeong-Kyu
Karki, Rahul
Gurung, Anup
Kandasamy, Jaya
Pathak, Bipin Kumar
Sharma, Suman
Giri, Nirita
Title Seasonal PM(10) dynamics in Kathmandu Valley
Formatted title
Seasonal PM10 dynamics in Kathmandu Valley
Journal name Atmospheric Environment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1352-2310
Publication date 2008-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.08.016
Volume 42
Issue 37
Start page 8623
End page 8633
Total pages 11
Place of publication East Park, Kidlington, Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Data on ambient PM10 levels from six locations in the Kathmandu Valley recorded by means of continuous sampling using low volume air samplers from October 2002 to March 2007 were used to investigate PM10 concentration dynamics in the valley. Monthly average data of the urban areas, which have much higher concentrations than the rural areas, even exceeded the daily standard level of PM10, in Nepal, 120 μm m−3. Repetitive peaks and troughs each year indicated annual patterns. Monthly average showed seasonal patterns are different between rural area and urban sites. The highest monthly average concentration was observed in February, the end of winter in urban areas where as in rural found in spring, and the lowest concentration was observed in July (monsoon period). The continuous increase in PM10 concentration from December to February in urban areas showed accumulation of PM10 in the ambient air during the wintertime. Rainfall in June and September, during the monsoon period, caused a PM10 concentration decrease, demonstrating that precipitation is effective in removing PM10 from the valley. Cross correlation analyses among the PM10 levels measured simultaneously at the sampling stations showed a poor relationship in winter; however, there were good relationships in the monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. Both the PM10 concentration and the air-mixing environment in the valley were closely associated with the temperature and wind speed.
Keyword Kathmandu valley
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Created: Fri, 10 Feb 2012, 12:12:50 EST by Dr Rupak Aryal on behalf of Advanced Water Management Centre