Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis and other plant-soil interactions in relation to environmental stress

Audet, Patrick (2012). Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis and other plant-soil interactions in relation to environmental stress. In Parvaiz Ahmad and M. N. V. Prasad (Ed.), Environmental Adaptations and Stress Tolerance of Plants in the Era of Climate Change (pp. 233-264) New York, NY, United States: Springer.


Author Audet, Patrick
Title of chapter Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis and other plant-soil interactions in relation to environmental stress
Title of book Environmental Adaptations and Stress Tolerance of Plants in the Era of Climate Change
Place of Publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-0815-4_11
ISBN 9781461408147
1461408148
9781461408154
1461408156
Editor Parvaiz Ahmad
M. N. V. Prasad
Chapter number 11
Start page 233
End page 264
Total pages 32
Total chapters 23
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary In this chapter, focused on the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and their mostly mutualistic association with the vast majority of herbaceous plant species, we examine the cellular, molecular, and physiological mechanisms by which the mycorrhizal symbiosis can enhance plant stress tolerance in relation to a number of abiotic environmental stressors, such as macro- and micronutrient deficiency, drought, and metal toxicity. Overall, the primary mechanisms of interaction discussed here include: (1) the enhanced uptake of macro- and micronutrients and water; and (2) the stabilization of the soil architecture via mycorrhizal-enhanced soil aggregation and metal biosorption processes. A key facet of this analysis involves the identification of direct vs. indirect benefits of interactions, and their distinctive impacts toward plant development as well as the proximal growth environment. Accordingly, due to the significant and widespread effects of these direct and indirect processes toward plant physiological and soil ecological function, it is suggested that the mycorrhizal symbiosis should constitute an extrinsic stress tolerance strategy that could complement the inherent resistance mechanisms of plants when subjected to an array of potential stressors, and also buffer the growth environment. For this reason, it is recommended that future studies take into account such multitrophic interactions (e.g., above- and belowground relationships) to better depict physiological and ecological phenomena in relation to environmental stress.
Keyword Mutualism
Macro- and micronutrients
Drought
Soil stabilization
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Tue, 07 Feb 2012, 11:00:03 EST by Dr Patrick Audet on behalf of Centre For Mined Land Rehabilitation