The effects of supplied water quality on human health in an urban development with limited basic subsistence facilities

Jagals, P., Grabow, W. O. K. and Williams, E. (1997) The effects of supplied water quality on human health in an urban development with limited basic subsistence facilities. Water SA, 23 4: 373-378.

Author Jagals, P.
Grabow, W. O. K.
Williams, E.
Title The effects of supplied water quality on human health in an urban development with limited basic subsistence facilities
Journal name Water SA
ISSN 1816-7950
Publication date 1997-10-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 23
Issue 4
Start page 373
End page 378
Total pages 6
Place of publication Gezina, South Africa
Publisher Water Research Commission
Language eng
Abstract Domestic unavailability of water supply in South Africa often leads to improper use of supplied or other unsafe sources of water. The relationship between water quality, water availability, water accessibility, water use and incidence of diarrhoea due to these factors, was investigated in this study. The study was conducted in a large low socio-economic developing urban settlement. Reported diarrhoea cases were followed up to establish the water usage pattern of consumers in these particular households. Water was generally obtained from supply at public standpipes and stored in various forms of containers in households. Microbiological indicators were used to assess possible contamination of the water supply. Tests indicated limited instances of faecal and other forms of microbiological contamination in sections of the water-supply network. Indications were also found that the network in this area could intermittently be subjected to pollution from unknown sources although incidences were limited and not prolonged. Tests on the bulk water supply from the utility to the consumer water network indicated no faecal contamination in the bulk supply. In general the supply quality tested indicated no risk to consumers. However, the insanitary condition of containers as well as the manner of storing and handling of the containerised water led to contamination of water supplies. By implication, the system of water supply through public standpipe was conducive to conditions that could lead to contamination of stored water supply in households within the target consumer group.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 24 Jan 2012, 23:19:32 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health