Economic assessments of small-scale drinking-water interventions in pursuit of MDG target 7C

Cameron, John, Jagals, Paul, Hunter, Paul R., Pedley, Steve and Pond, Katherine (2011) Economic assessments of small-scale drinking-water interventions in pursuit of MDG target 7C. Science of The Total Environment, 410-411 8-15. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.09.054


Author Cameron, John
Jagals, Paul
Hunter, Paul R.
Pedley, Steve
Pond, Katherine
Title Economic assessments of small-scale drinking-water interventions in pursuit of MDG target 7C
Journal name Science of The Total Environment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0048-9697
1879-1026
Publication date 2011-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.09.054
Volume 410-411
Start page 8
End page 15
Total pages 8
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This paper uses an applied rural case study of a safer water intervention in South Africa to illustrate how three levels of economic assessment can be used to understand the impact of the intervention on people's well-being. It is set in the context of Millennium Development Goal 7 which sets a target (7C) for safe drinking-water provision and the challenges of reaching people in remote rural areas with relatively small-scale schemes. The assessment moves from cost efficiency to cost effectiveness to a full social cost–benefit analysis (SCBA) with an associated sensitivity test. In addition to demonstrating techniques of analysis, the paper brings out many of the challenges in understanding how safer drinking-water impacts on people's livelihoods. The SCBA shows the case study intervention is justified economically, though the sensitivity test suggests ‘downside’ vulnerability.
Keyword Safer drinking-water
Economic assessment
Social cost-benefit analysis
South Africa
Rural water supplies
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 24 Jan 2012, 11:19:12 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health