Evaluation of a resistance training program for adults with or at risk of developing diabetes: an effectiveness study in a community setting

Minges, Karl E., Cormick, Glen, Unglik, Edna and Dunstan, David W. (2011) Evaluation of a resistance training program for adults with or at risk of developing diabetes: an effectiveness study in a community setting. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8 Article number 50. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-50


Author Minges, Karl E.
Cormick, Glen
Unglik, Edna
Dunstan, David W.
Title Evaluation of a resistance training program for adults with or at risk of developing diabetes: an effectiveness study in a community setting
Journal name International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1479-5868
Publication date 2011-05-25
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1479-5868-8-50
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 8
Start page Article number 50
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background:
To examine the effects of a community-based resistance training program (Lift for Life®) on waist circumference and functional measures in adults with or at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Methods:

Lift for Life is a research-to-practice initiative designed to disseminate an evidence-based resistance training program for adults with or at risk of developing type 2 diabetes to existing health and fitness facilities in the Australian community. A retrospective assessment was undertaken on 86 participants who had accessed the program within 4 active providers in Melbourne, Australia. The primary goal of this longitudinal study was to assess the effectiveness of a community-based resistance training program, thereby precluding a randomized, controlled study design. Waist circumference, lower body (chair sit-to-stand) and upper body (arm curl test) strength, and agility (timed up-and-go) measures were collected at baseline and repeated at 2 months (n = 86) and again at 6 months (n = 32).

Results:

Relative to baseline, there was a significant decrease in mean waist circumference (-1.9 cm, 95% CI: -2.8 to -1.0) and the timed agility test (-0.8 secs, 95% CI: -1.0 to -0.6); and significant increases in lower body (number of repetitions: 2.2, 95% CI: 1.4-3.0) and upper body (number of repetitions: 3.8, 95% CI: 3.0-4.6) strength at the completion of 8 weeks. Significant differences remained at the 16 week assessment. Pooled time series regression analyses adjusted for age and sex in the 32 participants who had complete measures at baseline and 24-week follow-up revealed significant time effects for waist circumference and functional measures, with the greatest change from baseline observed at the 24-week assessment.

Conclusions:
These findings indicate that an evidence-based resistance training program administered in the community setting for those with or at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, can lead to favorable health benefits, including reductions in central obesity and improved physical function.
Keyword Improves glycemic control
Physical-activity
American-college
Sports-medicine
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 19 Jan 2012, 13:08:33 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health