Temporal and spatial stability of larval habitat distribution of Anopheles gambiae in Western Kenya highlands

Li, Li, Bian, Ling, Yakob, Laith, Zhou, Guofa and Yan, Guiyun (2009) Temporal and spatial stability of larval habitat distribution of Anopheles gambiae in Western Kenya highlands. International Journal of Health Geographics, 8 70.1-70.11. doi:10.1186/1476-072X-8-70


Author Li, Li
Bian, Ling
Yakob, Laith
Zhou, Guofa
Yan, Guiyun
Title Temporal and spatial stability of larval habitat distribution of Anopheles gambiae in Western Kenya highlands
Formatted title
Temporal and spatial stability of larval habitat distribution of Anopheles gambiae in Western Kenya highlands
Journal name International Journal of Health Geographics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1476-072X
Publication date 2009-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1476-072X-8-70
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 8
Start page 70.1
End page 70.11
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Localized mosquito larval habitat management and the use of larvicides have been proposed as important control tools in integrated malaria vector management programs. In order to optimize the utility of these tools, detailed knowledge of the spatial distribution patterns of mosquito larval habitats is crucial. However, the spatial and temporal changes of habitat distribution patterns under different climatic conditions are rarely quantified and their implications to larval control are unknown.
Results: Using larval habitat data collected in western Kenya highlands during both dry and rainy seasons of 2003-2005, this study analyzed the seasonal and inter-annual changes in the spatial patterns in mosquito larval habitat distributions. We found that the spatial patterns of larval habitats had significant temporal variability both seasonally and inter-annually.
Conclusions: The pattern of larval habitats is extremely important to the epidemiology of malaria because it results in spatial heterogeneity in the adult mosquito population and, subsequently, the spatial distribution of clinical malaria cases. Results from this study suggest that larval habitat management activities need to consider the dynamic nature of malaria vector habitats.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: ERA 2012 Admin Only
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 19 Jan 2012, 11:13:50 EST by Dr Laith Yakob on behalf of School of Biological Sciences