Effectiveness of Australian youth suicide prevention initiatives

Page, Andrew, Taylor, Richard, Gunnell, David, Carter, Greg, Morrell, Stephen and Martin, Graham (2011) Effectiveness of Australian youth suicide prevention initiatives. British Journal of Psychiatry, 199 5: 423-429. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.111.093856


Author Page, Andrew
Taylor, Richard
Gunnell, David
Carter, Greg
Morrell, Stephen
Martin, Graham
Title Effectiveness of Australian youth suicide prevention initiatives
Journal name British Journal of Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0007-1250
1472-1465
Publication date 2011-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1192/bjp.bp.111.093856
Volume 199
Issue 5
Start page 423
End page 429
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, England, U.K.
Publisher Royal College of Psychiatrists
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: After an epidemic rise in Australian young male suicide rates over the 1970s to 1990s, the period following the implementation of the original National Youth Suicide Prevention Strategy (NYSPS) in 1995 saw substantial declines in suicide in young men. Aims: To investigate whether areas with locally targeted suicide prevention activity implemented after 1995 experienced lower rates of young adult suicide, compared with areas without such activity. Method: Localities with or without identified suicide prevention activity were compared during the period of the NYSPS implementation (1995-1998) and a period subsequent to implementation (1999-2002) to establish whether annual average suicide rates were lower and declined more quickly in areas with suicide prevention activity over the period 1995-2002. Results: Male suicide rates were lower in areas with targeted suicide prevention activity (and higher levels of funding) compared with areas receiving no activity both during (RR = 0.89, 95% CI 0.80-0.99, P = 0.030) and after (RR = 0.86, 95% CI 0.77-0.96, P = 0.009) implementation, with rates declining faster in areas with targeted activity than in those without (13% v. 10% decline). However, these differences were reduced and were no longer statistically significant following adjustment for sociodemographic variables. There was no difference in female suicide rates between areas with or without targeted suicide prevention activity. Conclusions: There was little discernible impact on suicide rates in areas receiving locally targeted suicide prevention activities in the period following the NYSPS. Declaration of interest: None.
Keyword New-South-Wales
Socioeconomic-Status
Health-Promotion
Rural Suicide
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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