Effect of aging on learning new names and descriptions for objects

Whiting, Emma, Chenery, Helen J. and Copland, David A. (2011) Effect of aging on learning new names and descriptions for objects. Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 18 5: 594-619. doi:10.1080/13825585.2011.598912

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Author Whiting, Emma
Chenery, Helen J.
Copland, David A.
Title Effect of aging on learning new names and descriptions for objects
Journal name Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1382-5585
1744-4128
Publication date 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/13825585.2011.598912
Volume 18
Issue 5
Start page 594
End page 619
Total pages 26
Place of publication Hove, E. Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Psychology Press
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The present study consisted of two experiments to compare new word learning in healthy young (N = 11) and older (N = 17) adults within an explicit learning paradigm. Experiment 1 investigated the new name learning for familiar objects, while Experiment 2 investigated learning names and descriptions for unfamiliar objects. Participants attended five learning sessions over 5 consecutive days, during which they viewed objects with novel names with/without descriptions. The older adults were as accurate as the young adults when recalling and recognizing new names during the learning sessions. With respect to response times, the older adults were as rapid as the young adults at recognizing the new names for the familiar objects, but were slower during the follow-up sessions. The older adults were also slower when recognizing new names for unfamiliar objects. When recognizing unfamiliar object descriptions, the older adults were significantly less accurate than the young adults. These results may have implications for the treatment of acquired naming difficulties and second language learning in older adults.
Keyword Explicit learning
Nonword learning
Aging
Recall
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2012 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 11 Jan 2012, 10:46:48 EST by Emma Finch on behalf of School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences