Mangrove ecosystem services and the potential for carbon revenue programmes in Solomon Islands

Warren-Rhodes, Kimberley, Schwarz, Anne-Maree, Boyle, Linda Ng, Albert, Joelle, Agalo, Stephen Suti, Warren, Regon, Bana, Andrew, Paul, Chris, Kodosiku, Ringo, Bosma, Wilko, Yee, Douglas, Ronnback, Patrik, Crona, Beatrice and Duke, Norm (2011) Mangrove ecosystem services and the potential for carbon revenue programmes in Solomon Islands. Environmental Conservation, 38 4: 485-496. doi:10.1017/S0376892911000373

Author Warren-Rhodes, Kimberley
Schwarz, Anne-Maree
Boyle, Linda Ng
Albert, Joelle
Agalo, Stephen Suti
Warren, Regon
Bana, Andrew
Paul, Chris
Kodosiku, Ringo
Bosma, Wilko
Yee, Douglas
Ronnback, Patrik
Crona, Beatrice
Duke, Norm
Title Mangrove ecosystem services and the potential for carbon revenue programmes in Solomon Islands
Journal name Environmental Conservation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0376-8929
Publication date 2011-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S0376892911000373
Volume 38
Issue 4
Start page 485
End page 496
Total pages 12
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Abstract Mangroves are an imperilled biome whose protection and restoration through payments for ecosystem services (PES) can contribute to improved livelihoods, climate mitigation and adaptation. Interviews with resource users in three Solomon Islands villages suggest a strong reliance upon mangrove goods for subsistence and cash, particularly for firewood, food and building materials. Village-derived economic data indicates a minimum annual subsistence value from mangroves of US$ 345–1501 per household. Fish and nursery habitat and storm protection were widely recognized and highly valued mangrove ecosystem services. All villagers agreed that mangroves were under threat, with firewood overharvesting considered the primary cause. Multivariate analyses revealed village affiliation and religious denomination as the most important factors determining the use and importance of mangrove goods. These factors, together with gender, affected users’ awareness of ecosystem services. The importance placed on mangrove services did not differ significantly by village, religious denomination, gender, age, income, education or occupation. Mangrove ecosystem surveys are useful as tools for raising community awareness and input prior to design of PES systems. Land tenure and marine property rights, and how this complexity may both complicate and facilitate potential carbon credit programmes in the Pacific, are discussed.
Keyword Carbon credits
Carbon offsets
Carbon trading
Ecosystem services
Pacific Islands
Solomon Islands
Subsistence economy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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