While Anglo-American analytic philosophy has never really imbued the radical critiques of scientism that run through most European twentiethcentury philosophies, European social thought generally now occupies a terrain in which theological and philosophical concepts and concerns are frequently melded in order to better bring out the circumstances of our time and the political challenges and tactics of the day. This collection is one further contribution to that. Of course, it has been impossible to include even the majority of French philosophers of the twentieth century. But the collectionwe have certainly covers some of these most important thinkers. And it does highlight what may be gained from exploring philosophers who have not been able to escape ‘God’s’ presence, even, if, as say in Deleuze or Merleau Ponty, it is the more deistic God whose traces have survived, while in others, say Girard or Levinas, it is the more archaic suffering God.