Porphyra: Complex life histories in a harsh environment

Gantt, Elisabeth, Berg, G. Mine, Bhattacharya, Debashish, Blouin, Nicolas A., Brodie, Juliet A., Chan, Cheong Xin, Collen, Jonas, Cunningham, Francis X., Gross, Jeferson, Grossman, Arthur R., Karpowicz, Steven, Kitade, Yukihiro, Klein, Anita S., Levine, Ira A., Lin, Senjie, Lu, Shan, Lynch, Michael, Minocha, Subhash C., Muller, Kirsten, Neefus, Christopher D., De Oliveira, Mariana Cabral, Rymarquis, Linda, Smith, Alison, Stiller, John W., Wu, Wen-Kai, Yarish, Charles, Zhuang, Yun and Brawley, Susan H. (2010). Porphyra: Complex life histories in a harsh environment. In Joseph Seckbach and David J. Chapman (Ed.), Red algae in the genomic age (pp. 129-148) New York , NY, U.S.A.: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-90-481-3795-4_7


Author Gantt, Elisabeth
Berg, G. Mine
Bhattacharya, Debashish
Blouin, Nicolas A.
Brodie, Juliet A.
Chan, Cheong Xin
Collen, Jonas
Cunningham, Francis X.
Gross, Jeferson
Grossman, Arthur R.
Karpowicz, Steven
Kitade, Yukihiro
Klein, Anita S.
Levine, Ira A.
Lin, Senjie
Lu, Shan
Lynch, Michael
Minocha, Subhash C.
Muller, Kirsten
Neefus, Christopher D.
De Oliveira, Mariana Cabral
Rymarquis, Linda
Smith, Alison
Stiller, John W.
Wu, Wen-Kai
Yarish, Charles
Zhuang, Yun
Brawley, Susan H.
Title of chapter Porphyra: Complex life histories in a harsh environment
Formatted title
Porphyra: Complex life histories in a harsh environment
Title of book Red algae in the genomic age
Place of Publication New York , NY, U.S.A.
Publisher Springer
Publication Year 2010
Sub-type Chapter in textbook
DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-3795-4_7
Series Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology
ISBN 9789048137947
Editor Joseph Seckbach
David J. Chapman
Volume number 13
Start page 129
End page 148
Total pages 20
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Porphyra encompasses a large group of multicellular red algae that have a prominent gametophytic phase. The complex, heteromorphic life history of species in this genus, their remarkable resilience to high light and desiccation, ancient fossil records, and value as human food (e.g., laver, nori), make Porphyra a compelling model for genome sequencing. Sequencing of the nuclear genome of Porphyra umbilicalis from the northwestern Atlantic is currently in process. The ∼270 Mb genome of this alga is much larger than that of the unicellular acidophilic Cyanidioschyzon merolae (16.5 Mb), the only rhodophyte for which there is a fully sequenced genome, and is approximately twice as large as the Arabidopsis genome. Future analyses of the P. umbilicalis genome should provide opportunities for researchers to (1) develop an increased understanding of the ways in which these algae have adapted to severe physiological stresses, (2) elucidate the molecular features of development through the complex life history, and (3) define key components required for the transition of growth from a single cell to a multicellular organism.
Keyword Antioxidant
Aquaculture
Carotenoid
Cell motility
Cell walls
Chloroplast
Cyanidioschyzon merolae
Genome evolution
Intertidal Conservation
Micrornas
Mutants
Nitrogen
Sour tea
Nori
P. yezoensis
P. umbilicalis
Porphyra
Spores
Transposable
Elements
Vitamin B12
Q-Index Code BX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Part 3

 
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Created: Mon, 19 Dec 2011, 10:14:11 EST by Cheong Xin Chan on behalf of Institute for Molecular Bioscience