Complexities in understanding the role of compensation-related factors on recovery from whiplash-associated disorders

Carroll, Linda J., Connelly, Luke B., Natalie Mary Spearing, Cote, Pierre, Buitenhuis, Jan and Kenardy, Justin A. (2011) Complexities in understanding the role of compensation-related factors on recovery from whiplash-associated disorders. Spine, 36 25 Supp.1: S316-S321. doi:10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182388739

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Author Carroll, Linda J.
Connelly, Luke B.
Natalie Mary Spearing
Cote, Pierre
Buitenhuis, Jan
Kenardy, Justin A.
Title Complexities in understanding the role of compensation-related factors on recovery from whiplash-associated disorders
Journal name Spine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0362-2436
1528-1159
Publication date 2011-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182388739
Volume 36
Issue 25 Supp.1
Start page S316
End page S321
Total pages 6
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Study Design.
Focused discussion.

Objective.
To present some of the complexities in conducting research on the role of compensation and compensation-related factors in recovery from whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) and to suggest directions for future research.

Summary of Background Data.
There is divergence of opinion, primary research findings, and systematic reviews on the role of compensation and/or compensation-related factors in WAD recovery.

Methods.
The topic of research of compensation/compensation-related factors was discussed at an international summit meeting of 21 researchers from diverse fields of scientific enquiry. This article summarizes the main points raised in that discussion.

Results.
Traffic injury compensation is a complex sociopolitical construct, which varies widely across jurisdictions. This leads to conceptual and methodological challenges in conducting and interpreting research in this area. It is important that researchers and their audiences be clear about what aspect of the compensation system is being addressed, what compensation-related variables are being studied, and what social/economic environment the compensation system exists in. In addition, summit participants also recommended that nontraditional, sophisticated study designs and analysis strategies be employed to clarify the complex causal pathways and mechanisms of effects.

Conclusion.
Care must be taken by both researchers and their audiences not to overgeneralize or confuse different aspects of WAD compensation. In considering the role of compensation/compensation-related factors on WAD and WAD recovery, it is important to retain a broad-based conceptualization of the range of biological, psychological, social, and economic factors that combine and interact to define and determine how people recover from WAD.
Keyword Compensation
Design
Research
Whiplash
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 13 Dec 2011, 13:21:52 EST by Chesne McGrath on behalf of Medicine - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital