Neue Stadtzentren. Enrique Sobejano: Nieto Sobenjano Arquitectos. Vortrag: Erinnerung und Erfindung

Feduchi, Luis (2010). Neue Stadtzentren. Enrique Sobejano: Nieto Sobenjano Arquitectos. Vortrag: Erinnerung und Erfindung, Ins Leere gebaut - Built into the Void, , Instituto Cervantes, Berlin, Germany.

Author Feduchi, Luis
Title Neue Stadtzentren. Enrique Sobejano: Nieto Sobenjano Arquitectos. Vortrag: Erinnerung und Erfindung
Institution Instituto Cervantes, Berlin, Germany
Seminar Series Ins Leere gebaut - Built into the Void
Publication date 2010-05-18
Total pages 1 Event coordination
Language spa
Subject Curated or Produced Substantial Public Exhibition/Event - Exhibition/Event
Abstract/Summary The city of Berlin, a prime example of decentralization since its expansion in the late nineteenth century, has had to struggle, from the second half of the 20th century up until today, with the redefinition of its actual and original center, an area that comprises not only the founding cities of Berlin and Köln, but also their successive expansions, including the nature reserve also known as the Tiergarten. Although the Senate has engaged in some strategies with the aim of encouraging its decentralized structure, for the last 20 years the city has decided to turn most of its attention towards its center. Badly damaged during the Second World War, and further disfigured by the construction of the Wall in 1961, the Senate called for the adoption of a planning policy – summarized in the document Planwerk Innenstadt – focused on the intensification and densification of the center, following the principles of the previously mentioned strategy “critical reconstruction”, which originated in the IBA of West Berlin. Today, the question is whether the need to create a new urban center has led, to a certain extent, to the abandonment of the decentralization policies which made Berlin a truly exemplary modern metropolis. A symptom of this could be the transfer of the Dahlem museums – with their collections of non-European art and cultural objects from Africa, America, Asia, Australia and Oceania – to the yet-to-be-built Humboldt-Forum, with the ultimate aim of being part of the reconstruction of the City of Berlin Palace. With the gathering together of these collections, along with other departments of the Central and Regional Library and the Humboldt University, the question arises as to whether the city is keeping to its decentralized structure, or whether it is trying to concentrate its resources in what seems to be its only income-generating activity, namely, tourism. Unlike the previous speakers, Enrique Sobejano, the only one out of the five to have studied and taught in Berlin, offered an absolutely decentralized perspective. Instead of adopting a given position regarding the relevant topic, he put forward a myriad of possibilities. Invention and Memory, the title of his lecture, summarized a position that in turn articulates each project’s origin, through strong doses of historical objectivity and projective subjectivity. Before the profusion of examples, the expected result was clear. With each project, the need to provoke the revitalization of the site became explicit. Although not all projects dealt a priori with a center, it is true that the results do constitute them as such. Out of more than twelve that were presented, we include here three projects that as well as affecting his foreignness, bring to the fore three strategies perfectly applicable to the current debates taking place in Berlin. The first one puts forth the difficulties and possibilities of a reconstruction (Moritzburg); the second seems to propose the impossibility of reconstructing (Medina Azahara), while the third and last (Bogenhausener Tor) goes for the ex-novo intervention as solution to the lack of centrality.
Additional Notes English translation: "New Urban Centers: Enrique Sobejano, Invention and Memory". Published in "Spanish Architects ABROAD / Arquitectos españoles en el extranjero", Verlag für Architektur.JOVIS 2011. ISBN 9783868591088; 3868591087.

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Created: Tue, 13 Dec 2011, 11:59:58 EST by Fiona Mcalpine on behalf of School of Architecture