The sad truth about depressive realism

Allan, Lorraine G., Siegel, Shepard and Hannah, Samuel (2007) The sad truth about depressive realism. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 60 3: 482-495. doi:10.1080/17470210601002686

Author Allan, Lorraine G.
Siegel, Shepard
Hannah, Samuel
Title The sad truth about depressive realism
Journal name Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1747-0218
Publication date 2007-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/17470210601002686
Volume 60
Issue 3
Start page 482
End page 495
Total pages 14
Editor Tom Beckers
Jan De Houwer
Helena Matute
Place of publication Hove, E. Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Psychology Press
Language eng
Abstract In one form of a contingency judgement task individuals must judge the relationship between an action and an outcome. There are reports that depressed individuals are more accurate than are nondepressed individuals in this task. In particular, nondepressed individuals are influenced by manipulations that affect the salience of the outcome, especially outcome probability. They overestimate a contingency if the probability of an outcome is high—the “outcome-density effect”. In contrast, depressed individuals display little or no outcome-density effect. This apparent knack for depressives not to be misled by outcome density in their contingency judgements has been termed “depressive realism”, and the absence of an outcome-density effect has led to the characterization of depressives as “sadder but wiser”. We present a critical summary of the depressive realism literature and provide a novel interpretation of the phenomenon. We suggest that depressive realism may be understood from a psychophysical analysis of contingency judgements.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Special Issue: Human Contingency Learning: Recent Trends in Research and Theory

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences - Publications
ERA 2012 Admin Only
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 30 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 39 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 01 Dec 2011, 16:45:29 EST by Dr. Samuel Hannah on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences