Featuring familiarity: How a familiar feature instantiation influences categorization

Hannah, Samuel D. and Brooks, Lee R. (2009) Featuring familiarity: How a familiar feature instantiation influences categorization. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63 4: 263-275. doi:10.1037/a0017919

Author Hannah, Samuel D.
Brooks, Lee R.
Title Featuring familiarity: How a familiar feature instantiation influences categorization
Journal name Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1196-1961
Publication date 2009-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/a0017919
Volume 63
Issue 4
Start page 263
End page 275
Total pages 13
Place of publication Ottawa, Canada
Publisher Canadian Psychological Association
Language eng
Abstract We demonstrate that a familiar looking feature can influence categorization through 2 different routes, depending on whether a person is reliant on abstract feature representations or on concrete feature representations. In 2 experiments, trained participants categorized new category members in a 3-step procedure: Participants made an initial categorization, described the rule-consistent features indicated by the experimenter, and then recategorized the item. Critical was what happened on the second categorization after participants initially categorized an item based on a familiar, but misleading, feature. Participants who were reliant on abstract features most commonly reversed themselves after the rule-consistent features were pointed out, suggesting that the familiar feature had biased attention. Participants who were reliant on concrete feature representations, however, most commonly persisted with the initial response as if the familiar feature were more important than its rivals—the familiar feature biased decision making.
Keyword Categorization
Concept formation
Feature processing
Instantiated features
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences - Publications
ERA 2012 Admin Only
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 3 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 01 Dec 2011, 16:12:46 EST by Dr. Samuel Hannah on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences