Utility of local health registers in measuring perinatal mortality: a case study in rural Indonesia

Burke, Leona, Suswardany, Dwi L., Michener, Keryl, Mazurki, Setiawaty, Adair, Timothy, Elmiyati, Catur and Rao, Chalapati (2011) Utility of local health registers in measuring perinatal mortality: a case study in rural Indonesia. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 11 20: . doi:10.1186/1471-2393-11-20


Author Burke, Leona
Suswardany, Dwi L.
Michener, Keryl
Mazurki, Setiawaty
Adair, Timothy
Elmiyati, Catur
Rao, Chalapati
Title Utility of local health registers in measuring perinatal mortality: a case study in rural Indonesia
Journal name BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1471-2393
Publication date 2011-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1471-2393-11-20
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 11
Issue 20
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background
Perinatal mortality is an important indicator of obstetric and newborn care services. Although the vast majority of global perinatal mortality is estimated to occur in developing countries, there is a critical paucity of reliable data at the local level to inform health policy, plan health care services, and monitor their impact. This paper explores the utility of information from village health registers to measure perinatal mortality at the sub district level in a rural area of Indonesia.

Methods
A retrospective pregnancy cohort for 2007 was constructed by triangulating data from antenatal care, birth, and newborn care registers in a sample of villages in three rural sub districts in Central Java, Indonesia. For each pregnancy, birth outcome and first week survival were traced and recorded from the different registers, as available. Additional local death records were consulted to verify perinatal mortality, or identify deaths not recorded in the health registers. Analyses were performed to assess data quality from registers, and measure perinatal mortality rates. Qualitative research was conducted to explore knowledge and practices of village midwives in register maintenance and reporting of perinatal mortality.

Results
Field activities were conducted in 23 villages, covering a total of 1759 deliveries that occurred in 2007. Perinatal mortality outcomes were 23 stillbirths and 15 early neonatal deaths, resulting in a perinatal mortality rate of 21.6 per 1000 live births in 2007. Stillbirth rates for the study population were about four times the rates reported in the routine Maternal and Child Health program information system. Inadequate awareness and supervision, and alternate workload were cited by local midwives as factors resulting in inconsistent data reporting.

Conclusions
Local maternal and child health registers are a useful source of information on perinatal mortality in rural Indonesia. Suitable training, supervision, and quality control, in conjunction with computerisation to strengthen register maintenance can provide routine local area measures of perinatal mortality for health policy, and monitoring of newborn care interventions. Similar efforts are required to strengthen routine health data in all developing countries, to guide planned progress towards reduction in the local, national and international burden from perinatal mortality.
Keyword Developing countries
Neonatal deaths
Rates
Care
Systems
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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