Decrease in sorghum grain yield due to the dw3 dwarfing gene is caused by reduction in shoot biomass

George-Jaeggli, B., Jordan, D. R., van Oosterom, E. J. and Hammer, G. L. (2011) Decrease in sorghum grain yield due to the dw3 dwarfing gene is caused by reduction in shoot biomass. Field Crops Research, 124 2: 231-239.


Author George-Jaeggli, B.
Jordan, D. R.
van Oosterom, E. J.
Hammer, G. L.
Title Decrease in sorghum grain yield due to the dw3 dwarfing gene is caused by reduction in shoot biomass
Formatted title Decrease in sorghum grain yield due to the dw3 dwarfing gene is caused by reduction in shoot biomass
Journal name Field Crops Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-4290
1872-6852
Publication date 2011-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.fcr.2011.07.005
Volume 124
Issue 2
Start page 231
End page 239
Total pages 9
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract Positive correlations between plant height and grain yield have been reported for sorghum. The introduction of stay-green in sorghum, and the associated reduction in lodging, has opened the possibility to exploit this positive association. The aim of this study was to analyse the direct effects of the dwarfing gene dw3 (and therefore plant height) on shoot biomass, grain yield, and yield components in pairs of 3-dwarf genotypes and their isogenic 2-dwarf tall mutants. Isogenic pairs with different genetic backgrounds were grown in three field experiments under nutrient and water non-limiting conditions. Tall mutants were significantly taller and produced more shoot and stem biomass than their shorter counterparts. Generally, tall types yielded more grain than short types, but significant interactions between experiment, genetic background and stature affected the consistency of the results. dw3 only affected grain size and not grain number. Increased grain mass of tall types was associated with significantly greater stem mass per grain at anthesis and greater shoot biomass per grain accumulated between anthesis and maturity. The increased biomass of tall plants was therefore important for increased grain yield under optimum conditions. Potential implications of increased biomass production for drought adaptation are discussed.
Keyword Grain mass
Grain number
Plant height
Sorghum bicolor
Stem reserves
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
 
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