Meat, poultry and fish and risk of colorectal cancer: pooled analysis of data from the UK dietary cohort consortium

Spencer, Elizabeth A., Key, Timothy J., Appleby, Paul N., Dahm, Christina C., Keogh, Ruth H., Fentiman, Ian S., Akbaraly, Tasnime, Brunner, Eric J., Burley, Victoria, Cade, Janet E., Greenwood, Darren C., Stephen, Alison M., Mishra, Gita, Kuh, Diana, Luben, Robert, Mulligan, Kay-Tee, Khaw, Sheila A. and Rodwell, Sheila A. (2010) Meat, poultry and fish and risk of colorectal cancer: pooled analysis of data from the UK dietary cohort consortium. Cancer Causes and Control, 21 9: 1417-1425. doi:10.1007/s10552-010-9569-7

Author Spencer, Elizabeth A.
Key, Timothy J.
Appleby, Paul N.
Dahm, Christina C.
Keogh, Ruth H.
Fentiman, Ian S.
Akbaraly, Tasnime
Brunner, Eric J.
Burley, Victoria
Cade, Janet E.
Greenwood, Darren C.
Stephen, Alison M.
Mishra, Gita
Kuh, Diana
Luben, Robert
Mulligan, Kay-Tee
Khaw, Sheila A.
Rodwell, Sheila A.
Title Meat, poultry and fish and risk of colorectal cancer: pooled analysis of data from the UK dietary cohort consortium
Journal name Cancer Causes and Control   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0957-5243
Publication date 2010-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10552-010-9569-7
Volume 21
Issue 9
Start page 1417
End page 1425
Total pages 9
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective Some but not all epidemiological studies have reported that high intakes of red and processed meat are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. In the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium, we examined associations of meat, poultry and fish intakes with colorectal cancer risk using standardised individual dietary data pooled from seven UK prospective studies.
Methods Four- to seven-day food diaries were analysed, disaggregating the weights of meat, poultry and fish from composite foods to investigate dose–response relationships. We identified 579 cases of colorectal cancer and matched with 1,996 controls on age, sex and recruitment date. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for colorectal cancer associated with meat, poultry and fish intakes, adjusting for relevant covariables.
Results Disaggregated intakes were moderately low, e.g. mean red meat intakes were 38.2 g/day among male and 28.7 g/day among female controls. There was little evidence of association between the food groups examined and risk for colorectal cancer: Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for a 50 g/day increase were 1.01 (0.84–1.22) for red meat, 0.88 (0.68–1.15) for processed meat, 0.97 (0.84–1.12) for red and processed meat combined, 0.80 (0.65–1.00) for poultry, 0.92 (0.70–1.21) for white fish and 0.89 (0.70–1.13) for fatty fish.
Conclusions This study using pooled data from prospective food diaries, among cohorts with low to moderate meat intakes, shows little evidence of association between consumption of red and processed meat and colorectal cancer risk.
Keyword Prospective
Food diary
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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