Energy intake and dietary patterns in childhood and throughout adulthood and mammographic density: Results from a British prospective cohort

Mishra, Gita D., Silva, Isabel dos Santos, McNaughton, Sarah A., Stephen, Alison and Kuh, Diana (2011) Energy intake and dietary patterns in childhood and throughout adulthood and mammographic density: Results from a British prospective cohort. Cancer Causes and Control, 22 2: 227-235. doi:10.1007/s10552-010-9690-7


Author Mishra, Gita D.
Silva, Isabel dos Santos
McNaughton, Sarah A.
Stephen, Alison
Kuh, Diana
Title Energy intake and dietary patterns in childhood and throughout adulthood and mammographic density: Results from a British prospective cohort
Journal name Cancer Causes and Control   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0957-5243
1573-7225
Publication date 2011-02
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10552-010-9690-7
Volume 22
Issue 2
Start page 227
End page 235
Total pages 9
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives To examine the role of energy intake and dietary patterns in childhood and throughout adulthood on subsequent mammographic density.

Methods Prospective data were available from a cohort of 1161 British women followed up since their birth in 1946. Dietary intakes at age 4 years were determined by 24-hour recalls and during adulthood, average food consumed at ages 36 and 43 years by 5-day food records. Dietary patterns were determined by factor analysis. Associations between energy intake, dietary patterns, and percent breast density were investigated using regression analysis.

Results During adulthood, energy intake was positively associated with percent breast density (adjusted regression coefficient [per SD) (95% CI): 0.12 (0.01, 0.23)]. The effect of the high fat and sugar dietary pattern remained similar when adjusted for total energy intake [0.06 (-0.01, 0.13)]. There was no evidence of an associations for the patterns low fat, high fiber pattern 0.03 (-0.04, 0.11); the alcohol and fish -0.02 (-0.13, 0.17); meat, potatoes, and vegetables -0.03 (-0.10, 0.04). No association was found for dietary pattern at age 4 and percent breast density.

Conclusions This study supports the hypothesis that overall energy intake during middle life is a determinant of subsequent mammographic breast density measured 15 years later.
Keyword Diet
Fat
Energy
Sugar
Mammographic breast density
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 28 November 2010

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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