Dietary silicon intake in post-menopausal women

McNaughton, S. A., Bolton-Smith, C., Mishra, G. D., Jugdaohsingh, R. and Powell, J. J. (2005) Dietary silicon intake in post-menopausal women. British Journal of Nutrition, 94 5: 813-817. doi:10.1079/BJN20051548

Author McNaughton, S. A.
Bolton-Smith, C.
Mishra, G. D.
Jugdaohsingh, R.
Powell, J. J.
Title Dietary silicon intake in post-menopausal women
Journal name British Journal of Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0007-1145
Publication date 2005-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1079/BJN20051548
Volume 94
Issue 5
Start page 813
End page 817
Total pages 5
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Si has been suggested as an essential element, and may be important in optimal bone, skin and cardiovascular health. However, there are few estimates of dietary Si intakes in man, especially in a UK population. Following the development of a UK food composition database for Si, the aim of the present study was to investigate dietary intakes of Si amongst healthy women aged over 60 years and to identify important food sources of Si in their diet. Healthy, post-menopausal female subjects (>60 years of age; n 209) were recruited from the general population around Dundee, Scotland as part of an unrelated randomised controlled intervention study where dietary intake was assessed using a self-administered, semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire at five time-points over a 2-year period. Food composition data on the Si content of UK foods was used to determine the Si content of food items on the food-frequency questionnaire. Mean Si intake was 18·6 (sd 4·6) mg and did not vary significantly across the 2 years of investigation. Cereals provided the greatest amount of Si in the diet (about 30%), followed by fruit, beverages (hot, cold and alcoholic beverages combined) and vegetables; together these foods provided over 75% about Si intake. Si intakes in the UK appear consistent with those reported previously for elderly women in Western populations, but lower than those reported for younger women or for men.
Keyword silicon
dietary intake
dietary patterns
food-frequency questionnaire
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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