Clustering of obesity-related risk behaviors in children and their mothers

Cameron, Adrian J., Crawford, David A., Salmon, Jo, Campbell, Karen, McNaughton, Sarah A., Mishra, Gita D. and Ball, Kylie (2011) Clustering of obesity-related risk behaviors in children and their mothers. Annals of Epidemiology, 21 2: 95-102. doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2010.11.001

Author Cameron, Adrian J.
Crawford, David A.
Salmon, Jo
Campbell, Karen
McNaughton, Sarah A.
Mishra, Gita D.
Ball, Kylie
Title Clustering of obesity-related risk behaviors in children and their mothers
Journal name Annals of Epidemiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1047-2797
Publication date 2011-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.annepidem.2010.11.001
Volume 21
Issue 2
Start page 95
End page 102
Total pages 8
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
PURPOSE: To examine the clustering and patterns of obesity-related behaviors in children and their mothers and the concordance between mother and child pairs.
METHODS: Primary school-aged children and their mothers in Victoria, Australia, participated (data from 549 mothers, 352 children, and 304 mother/child pairs). Examination of behavior patterns included 1) assessment of the overlap in national physical activity, screen-time, and fruit and vegetable consumption
guidelines being met; and 2) cluster analysis of positive (consumption of fruits and vegetables) and negative (consumption of energy dense food/drink) dietary behaviors, sedentary behavior/screen-time, and physical activity.
RESULTS: Only partial overlap was observed between groups meeting national recommendations for sedentary behavior and consumption of fruit and vegetables and energy-dense food. Less than 40% of mothers and children were meeting sedentary behavior guidelines. In both mothers and children five clusters were identified. With the exception of a single cluster in children with high levels of physical activity,  clusters of healthy and unhealthy behavior were concordant in mothers and their children (p ! .0001), particularly those defined by sedentary behaviors and consumption of energy-dense food/drink.
CONCLUSIONS: Complex patterns of obesity-related behaviors exist in children and their mothers. The concordance of clusters between children and their mothers suggests that modeling of sedentary behavior and creation of a child’s eating environment by parents may be particularly important influences on children’s behavior.
Keyword Behavior
Physical Activity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Available online 23 December 2010.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
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