Agricultural modernization and state capacity in China

Waldron , Scott, Brown, Colin and Longworth, John (2011) Agricultural modernization and state capacity in China. The China Journal, 66 66: 119-142.

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Author Waldron , Scott
Brown, Colin
Longworth, John
Title Agricultural modernization and state capacity in China
Journal name The China Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0156-7365
1324-9347
Publication date 2011-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 66
Issue 66
Start page 119
End page 142
Total pages 24
Place of publication Canberra, Australia
Publisher Contemporary China Centre
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract Liberalization measures over the 1980s and ’90s led to what are often described in China as fragmented (san 散), small-scale (xiao 小) and weak (ruo 弱) agricultural structures. In response, all reform-era Chinese leaderships—from Deng to Jiang to Hu—have attempted to build agricultural structures that are more “modern”. The most conspicuous expression of these attempts is the Party’s “Number One Document” of 2007, here abbreviated as Modern Agriculture. This stipulates that modern equipment, science and technology, industrial systems, management and development ideas shall be used to improve the quality, economic returns and (international) competitiveness of agriculture.

As the gains from agricultural liberalization diminish, China's policy-makers are looking for new ways to generate sustained agricultural and rural development. One major attempt to do so has been through a multi-faceted agricultural modernization program, in which the state will play a major role. This paper examines the role of the state in China's agricultural modernization program and provides recommendations on how this role can be enhanced. It does so through a case study of China's fine wool marketing sector, which comprises a diverse cast of specialized actors stretching from the west to the east of China, linked through a tapestry of policies, services and institutions. The detailed, micro-level and nuanced analysis leads to a set of specific recommendations on how these policy, service and institutional settings can be strengthened, but highlights that these measures must be underpinned by increased state capacity to deliver public good services.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
 
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Created: Mon, 07 Nov 2011, 16:15:02 EST by Dr Scott Waldron on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences