Gender-enriched transcripts in Haemonchus contortus - predicted functions and genetic interactions based on comparative analyses with Caenorhabditis elegans

Campbell, Bronwyn E., Nagaraj, Shivashankar H., Hu, Min, Zhong, Wei Wei, Sternberg, Paul W., Ong, Eng K., Loukas, Alex, Ranganathan, Shoba, Beveridge, Ian, McInnes, Russell L., Hutchinson, Gareth W. and Gasser, Robin B. (2008) Gender-enriched transcripts in Haemonchus contortus - predicted functions and genetic interactions based on comparative analyses with Caenorhabditis elegans. International Journal of Parasitology, 38 1: 65-83. doi:10.1016/j.ijpara.2007.07.001


Author Campbell, Bronwyn E.
Nagaraj, Shivashankar H.
Hu, Min
Zhong, Wei Wei
Sternberg, Paul W.
Ong, Eng K.
Loukas, Alex
Ranganathan, Shoba
Beveridge, Ian
McInnes, Russell L.
Hutchinson, Gareth W.
Gasser, Robin B.
Title Gender-enriched transcripts in Haemonchus contortus - predicted functions and genetic interactions based on comparative analyses with Caenorhabditis elegans
Formatted title
Gender-enriched transcripts in Haemonchus contortus – predicted functions and genetic interactions based on comparative analyses with Caenorhabditis elegans
Journal name International Journal of Parasitology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0020-7519
1879-0135
Publication date 2008-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijpara.2007.07.001
Volume 38
Issue 1
Start page 65
End page 83
Total pages 19
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In the present study, a bioinformatic-microarray approach was employed for the analysis of selected expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from Haemonchus contortus, a key parasitic nematode of small ruminants. Following a bioinformatic analysis of EST data using a semiautomated pipeline, 1885 representative ESTs (rESTs) were selected, to which oligonucleotides (three per EST) were designed and spotted on to a microarray. This microarray was hybridized with cyanine-dye labelled cRNA probes synthesized from RNA from female or male adults of H. contortus. Differential hybridisation was displayed for 301 of the 1885 rESTs (∼16%). Of these, 165 (55%) had significantly greater signal intensities for female cRNA and 136 (45%) for male cRNA. Of these, 113 with increased signals in female or male H. contortus had homologues in Caenorhabditis elegans, predicted to function in metabolism, information storage and processing, cellular processes and signalling, and embryonic and/or larval development. Of the rESTs with no known homologues in C. elegans, 24 (∼40%) had homologues in other nematodes, four had homologues in various other organisms and 30 (52%) had no homology to any sequence in current gene databases. A genetic interaction network was predicted for the C. elegans orthologues of the gender-enriched H. contortus genes, and a focused analysis of a subset revealed a tight network of molecules involved in amino acid, carbohydrate or lipid transport and metabolism, energy production and conversion, translation, ribosomal structure and biogenesis and, importantly, those associated with meiosis and/or mitosis in the germline during oogenesis or spermatogenesis. This study provides a foundation for the molecular, biochemical and functional exploration of selected molecules with differential transcription profiles in H. contortus, for further microarray analyses of transcription in different developmental stages of H. contortus, and for an extended functional analysis once the full genome sequence of this nematode is known.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: ERA 2012 Admin Only
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Created: Mon, 31 Oct 2011, 11:37:05 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health