Impact of membrane configuration on fouling in anaerobic membrane bioreactors

Martin-Garcia, I., Monsalvo, V., Pidou, M., Le-Clech, P., Judd, S. J., McAdam, E. J. and Jefferson, B. (2011) Impact of membrane configuration on fouling in anaerobic membrane bioreactors. Journal of Membrane Science, 382 1-2: 41-49. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2011.07.042

Author Martin-Garcia, I.
Monsalvo, V.
Pidou, M.
Le-Clech, P.
Judd, S. J.
McAdam, E. J.
Jefferson, B.
Title Impact of membrane configuration on fouling in anaerobic membrane bioreactors
Journal name Journal of Membrane Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0376-7388
Publication date 2011-10-15
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.memsci.2011.07.042
Volume 382
Issue 1-2
Start page 41
End page 49
Total pages 9
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The filtration performance of flocculated and granulated configured anaerobic membrane bioreactors (MBR) treating domestic wastewater has been evaluated and compared to conventional aerobic MBR. Immersed hollow fibre (HF) and external tubular membrane geometries were additionally compared with the latter operated in both pumped and gas-lift mode. After 200 d of operation, both granular and flocculated anaerobic MBR (AnMBR) suspensions were characterised by an increased population of colloidal particles while the aerobic MBR retained a unimodal particle size distribution with a d50 of 20 μm. Consequently, the flocculated AnMBR supernatant was characterised by a soluble microbial product (SMP) concentration ca. 500% higher than the aerobic MBR, such that the lowest critical fluxes for both HF and tubular membranes were recorded for the AnMBR. In comparison, the granulated AnMBR sludge was characterised by a low mixed liquor suspended solids concentration and an SMP concentration below 50% that of the flocculated anaerobic MBR. Consequently, similar fluxes to those of the aerobic MBR were achieved with the granulated anaerobic sludge using immersed HF membranes. Operating external tubular membranes in gas-lift appeared less effective for the granular AnMBR than the Aerobic MBR. However, critical fluxes >40 L m−2 h−1 were achieved using pumped mode. Results suggest granular AnMBR systems to be most suited to domestic wastewater treatment using either immersed HF membranes or external tubular membranes in pumped crossflow mode.
Keyword Bubbling
Critical flux
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
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