Target-specificity of feral pig baits under different conditions in a tropical rainforest

Bengsen, Andrew J., Leung, Luke K.-P., Lapidge, Steven J. and Gordon, Iain J. (2011) Target-specificity of feral pig baits under different conditions in a tropical rainforest. Wildlife Research, 38 5: 370-379. doi:10.1071/WR11023

Author Bengsen, Andrew J.
Leung, Luke K.-P.
Lapidge, Steven J.
Gordon, Iain J.
Title Target-specificity of feral pig baits under different conditions in a tropical rainforest
Journal name Wildlife Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1035-3712
Publication date 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/WR11023
Volume 38
Issue 5
Start page 370
End page 379
Total pages 10
Place of publication Collingwood, Vic., Australia
Publisher CSIRO Publishing
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Context: The mitigation of feral pig (Sus scrofa) impacts in north Queensland’s World Heritage tropical rainforests is constrained by the lack of an effective and target-specific poison baiting method.
Aims: This study aimed to determine whether easily implemented bait presentation methods or seasonal variation in bait acceptability could be used to selectively reduce the consumption of feral pig baits by non-target species.
Methods: We exposed manufactured feral pig baits to pigs and non-target species in the field, and compared bait encounter, sampling and consumption rates for different functional groups of species among three different types of bait presentation and composition. We then exposed baits under different seasonal conditions and related bait encounter and consumption by different functional groups to seasonally variable phenomena.
Key results: Shallow burial greatly reduced bait consumption by most non-target species, but not dingoes (Canis lupus dingo). Nocturnal bait distribution and seasonal baiting were less useful. Pigs showed substantial seasonal variation in physiological condition, suggesting that pigs should be more susceptible to consuming novel foods, such as baits, after periods of low rainfall. However, few pigs consumed the manufactured baits used in this study.
Conclusions: Manufactured baits are not currently suitable for widespread use in the region. However, shallow burial should provide an effective method of reducing non-target bait-take if baits can be made more attractive and acceptable to pigs and less acceptable to dingoes.
Implications: Future efforts to enable effective feral pig control in the region should focus on developing baiting materials that are more attractive to pigs and unappealing to dingoes.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
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