Alcohol intake and risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma: A pooled analysis from the BEACON Consortium

Freedman, Neal D., Murray, Liam J., Kamangar, Farin, Abnet, Christian C., Cook, Michael B., Nyren, Olof, Ye, Weimin, Wu, Anna H., Bernstein, Leslie, Brown, Linda M., Ward, Mary H., Pandeya, Nirmala, Green, Adele C., Casson, Alan G., Giffen, Carol, Risch, Harvey A., Gammon, Marilie D., Chow, Wong-Ho, Vaughan, Thomas L., Corley, Douglas A. and Whiteman, David C. (2011) Alcohol intake and risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma: A pooled analysis from the BEACON Consortium. Gut, 60 8: 1029-1037. doi:10.1136/gut.2010.233866

Author Freedman, Neal D.
Murray, Liam J.
Kamangar, Farin
Abnet, Christian C.
Cook, Michael B.
Nyren, Olof
Ye, Weimin
Wu, Anna H.
Bernstein, Leslie
Brown, Linda M.
Ward, Mary H.
Pandeya, Nirmala
Green, Adele C.
Casson, Alan G.
Giffen, Carol
Risch, Harvey A.
Gammon, Marilie D.
Chow, Wong-Ho
Vaughan, Thomas L.
Corley, Douglas A.
Whiteman, David C.
Title Alcohol intake and risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma: A pooled analysis from the BEACON Consortium
Journal name Gut   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0017-5749
Publication date 2011-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1136/gut.2010.233866
Volume 60
Issue 8
Start page 1029
End page 1037
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher B M J Group
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background and aims Alcohol intake is a strong and well established risk factor for oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), but the association with oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OA) or adjacent tumours of the oesophagogastric junction (OGJA), remains unclear. Therefore, the association of alcohol intake with OSCC, OA, and OGJA was determined in nine case–control studies and two cohort studies of the Barrett's Esophagus and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma Consortium (BEACON).

Materials and methods Information was collected on alcohol intake, age, sex, education, body mass index, gastro-oesophageal reflux, and tobacco smoking from each study. Along with 10 854 controls, 1821 OA, and 1837 OGJA, seven studies also collected OSCC cases (n=1016). Study specific ORs and 95% CIs were calculated from multivariate adjusted logistic regression models for alcohol intake in categories compared to non-drinkers. Summary risk estimates were obtained by random effects models.

Results No increase was observed in the risk of OA or OGJA for increasing levels of any of the alcohol intake measures examined. ORs for the highest frequency category (≥7 drinks per day) were 0.97 (95% CI 0.68 to 1.36) for OA and 0.77 (95% CI = 0.54 to 1.10) for OGJA. Suggestive findings linked moderate intake (eg, 0.5 to <1 drink per day) to decreased risk of OA (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.41 to 0.99) and OGJA (OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.62 to 0.99). In contrast, alcohol intake was strongly associated with increased risk of OSCC (OR for ≥7 drinks per day 9.62, 95% CI 4.26 to 21.71).

In contrast to OSCC, higher alcohol consumption was not associated with increased risk of either OA or OGJA. The apparent inverse association observed with moderate alcohol intake should be evaluated in future prospective studies.
Keyword Squamous-cell carcinoma
Gastric cardia carcinomas
Esophagogastric junction
Cancer incidence
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Public Health Publications
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