Pain and stress in the human fetus

Smith, Richard P., Gitau, R., Glover, V. and Fisk, Nicholas M. (2000) Pain and stress in the human fetus. European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 92 1: 161-165. doi:10.1016/S0301-2115(00)00441-3

Author Smith, Richard P.
Gitau, R.
Glover, V.
Fisk, Nicholas M.
Title Pain and stress in the human fetus
Journal name European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0301-2115
Publication date 2000
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0301-2115(00)00441-3
Volume 92
Issue 1
Start page 161
End page 165
Total pages 5
Place of publication Shannon, Co. Clare, Ireland
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract Invasive diagnostic and therapeutic techniques are increasingly applied to the fetus. It is not known if the fetus feels pain during such procedures, but the fetus does mount significant stress hormonal and circulatory changes in response to these from 18-20 weeks. Perinatal stress may have long-term neurodevelopmental implications. During open fetal surgery, maternal general anaesthesia provides fetal anaesthesia. However, in closed procedures, fetal analgesia presents difficulties. The optimal drug, dose, and route of administration remain to be determined.
Keyword Fetal response to pain
Intra-uterine intervention
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences -- Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 40 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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