A review of bast fibres and their composites. Part 1 - Fibres as reinforcements

Summerscales, John, Dissanayake, Nilmini P. J., Virk, Amandeep S. and Hall, Wayne (2010) A review of bast fibres and their composites. Part 1 - Fibres as reinforcements. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 41 10: 1329-1335. doi:10.1016/j.compositesa.2010.06.001

Author Summerscales, John
Dissanayake, Nilmini P. J.
Virk, Amandeep S.
Hall, Wayne
Title A review of bast fibres and their composites. Part 1 - Fibres as reinforcements
Journal name Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1359-835X
Publication date 2010-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.compositesa.2010.06.001
Volume 41
Issue 10
Start page 1329
End page 1335
Total pages 7
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Abstract Bast fibres are defined as those obtained from the outer cell layers of the stems of various plants. The fibres find use in textile applications and are increasingly being considered as reinforcements for polymer–matrix composites as they are perceived to be “sustainable”. The fibres are composed primarily of cellulose which potentially has a Young’s modulus of ∼140 GPa (being a value comparable with man-made aramid [Kevlar/Twaron] fibres). The plants which are currently attracting most interest are flax and hemp (in temperate climates) or jute and kenaf (in tropical climates). This review paper will consider the growth, harvesting and fibre separation techniques suitable to yield fibre of appropriate quality. The text will then address characterisation of the fibre as, unlike man-made fibres, the cross section is neither circular nor uniform along the length.
Keyword A. Natural fibres
A. Fibres
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Information Technology Publications
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Created: Fri, 21 Oct 2011, 14:29:56 EST by Viviane Victoria Crosthwaite on behalf of Faculty Of Engineering, Architecture & Info Tech