Characteristics of patients receiving allergy vaccinations: To which extent do socio-economic factors play a role?

Petersen, Karin Dam, Kronborg, Christian, Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte, Dahl, Ronald, Larsen, Jorgen Nedergaard and Linneberg, Allan (2011) Characteristics of patients receiving allergy vaccinations: To which extent do socio-economic factors play a role?. European Journal of Public Health, 21 3: 323-328. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckq063

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Author Petersen, Karin Dam
Kronborg, Christian
Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte
Dahl, Ronald
Larsen, Jorgen Nedergaard
Linneberg, Allan
Title Characteristics of patients receiving allergy vaccinations: To which extent do socio-economic factors play a role?
Journal name European Journal of Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1101-1262
Publication date 2011-06
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/eurpub/ckq063
Volume 21
Issue 3
Start page 323
End page 328
Total pages 6
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Little is known about characteristics of patients receiving allergen-specific immunotherapy. Identifying obstacles to appropriate treatment according to guidelines may facilitate the development of strategies aiming at improved treatment of patients with allergic respiratory diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate differences in disease severity, demographic and socioeconomic status between allergic rhinitis patients receiving allergen-specific immunotherapy and allergic rhinitis patients not receiving allergen-specific immunotherapy. Methods: A total of 366 patients were studied of whom 210 were going to receive subcutaneously administrated immunotherapy (SIT) against grass pollen and/or house dust mite allergy. The severity of rhino-conjunctivitis (hay fever) and/or asthma was classified according to international guidelines. The questionnaires included an EQ-5D visual analogue scale instrument and some socio-economic questions. Results: Severity of disease, young age, high level of education as well as greater perceived impairment of health-related quality of life due to allergic symptoms were significantly associated with use of SIT. Somewhat unexpectedly, household income was not associated with use of SIT. Conclusion: Use of SIT was associated with both disease severity measures and educational level, but not income level. These results suggest social inequality as reflected by lower use of SIT among patients with lower educational level may represent an obstacle to treatment with SIT.
Keyword Asthma
Hay fever
Health services needs and demand
Immunological desensitization
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes First published online: May 19, 2010

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
ERA 2012 Admin Only
School of Medicine Publications
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Created: Thu, 20 Oct 2011, 13:46:42 EST by Dorte Gyrd-hansen on behalf of Medicine - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital