Le Corre, Kristell S., Valsami-Jones, Eugenia, Hobbs, Phil, Jefferson, Bruce and Parsons, Simon A. (2007) Agglomeration of struvite crystals. Water Research, 412: 419-425. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2006.10.025
Struvite crystallisation is widely studied as a way to remove phosphorus from wastewater effluents and simultaneously generates a valuable product for the fertiliser industry. However, to date, some crystallisation processes experimented at either pilot/or full scale face problems linked to the formation of fines. This paper presents results on the investigation of struvite agglomerative properties and the possible application of coagulants and/or flocculants to remove fines. Coagulants investigated were hydrolysing metals salts (Al3+ and Fe3+), calcium compounds and a cationic polymer, polydiallyldimethylammoniumchloride (polyDADMAC). The effects of a natural flocculant (alginate) have also been tested. Results demonstrated that destabilisation of struvite particles by chemical addition was feasible and identified polyDADMAC as a good option for the agglomeration of struvite particles. However, optimisation of its dosage under typical pH conditions for struvite formation showed floc formation to be very pH sensitive.