Whole-body vibration effects on bone mineral density in women with or without resistance training

Humphries, Brendan, Fenning, Andrew, Dugan, Eric, Guinane, Jodie and Macrae, Kirsty (2009) Whole-body vibration effects on bone mineral density in women with or without resistance training. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 80 12: 1025-1037. doi:10.3357/ASEM.2573.2009

Author Humphries, Brendan
Fenning, Andrew
Dugan, Eric
Guinane, Jodie
Macrae, Kirsty
Title Whole-body vibration effects on bone mineral density in women with or without resistance training
Journal name Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0095-6562
Publication date 2009-12-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3357/ASEM.2573.2009
Volume 80
Issue 12
Start page 1025
End page 1037
Total pages 13
Place of publication Alexandria, VA, United States
Publisher Aerospace Medical Association
Language eng
Formatted abstract
 Introduction: Whole-body vibration exposure may translate into improved bone mass in young adult women. The primary focus of this study was to examine the effects of graded whole-body vibration or vibration exposure plus resistance training on bone mineral density (BMD), hematological measures for bone remodeling, and exercise metabolism in young women. 

 There were 51 healthy active women [mean (SD) age, 21.02 (3.39) yr; height, 165.66 (6.73) cm; body mass 66.54 (13.39) kg] who participated in the intervention. Subjects were randomly assigned to whole-body vibration (WBV), whole-body vibration plus resistance training (WBV+RT), or control (CONT) groups for 16 wk. Results: A repeated-measure ANOVA found no significant (P < 0.05) group differences in BMD at the completion of 16 wk. A significant within group change was apparent for the WBV (2.7% femoral neck) and WBV+RT (femoral neck 1.9%; vertebra 0.98%). WBV and WBV+RT experienced a significant (P < 0.05) 60% and 58% increase in adiponectin, 48% and 30% in transforming growth factor-β1, and 17% and 34% in nitric oxide with an accompanying 50% and 36% decrease in osteopontin, 19% and 34% in interleukin-1β, and 38% and 39% in tumor necrosis factor-α. 

 The results indicate graded whole-body vibration exposure may be effective in improving BMD by increasing bone deposition while also decreasing bone resorption. Whole-body vibration may also provide an efficient stratagem for young women to achieve peak bone mass and help stave off osteoporosis later in life and provide a novel form of physical training.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: ERA 2012 Admin Only
School of Biomedical Sciences Publications
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Created: Tue, 18 Oct 2011, 10:46:12 EST by Ms Kirsty Macrae on behalf of School of Biomedical Sciences