First to third nature: The rise of capitalist conservation on Palawan Island, the Philippines

Dressler, Wolfram H. (2011) First to third nature: The rise of capitalist conservation on Palawan Island, the Philippines. Journal of Peasant Studies, 38 3: 533-557. doi:10.1080/03066150.2011.582580

Author Dressler, Wolfram H.
Title First to third nature: The rise of capitalist conservation on Palawan Island, the Philippines
Journal name Journal of Peasant Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-6150
Publication date 2011-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/03066150.2011.582580
Volume 38
Issue 3
Start page 533
End page 557
Total pages 25
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Abstract The social relations and agricultural lands that rural peoples in Southeast Asia hold in common are being commodified through the converging pressures of agrarian change, conservation and capitalist development. This paper examines how broader and local processes driving agrarian differentiation have been accelerated through the revaluing of people and nature in market terms to ostensibly finance conservation through development at the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park – the flagship protected area of Palawan Island, the Philippines. Drawing on the notions of ‘first’ and ‘third nature’, I show how the pace and scale of agrarian change between rural peoples has gone ‘fast forward’ with the onset of resource partitioning, objectification, commodification and, ultimately, revaluing through translocal ‘capitalist conservation’, the rise of conservation as capitalist production. I examine how the national park's valuing as a ‘common’ World Heritage has drawn major private sector investments that objectify, commodify and rearticulate the value of nature as capital that finances and merges conservation and development according to the images and ideals of the modern Philippines. The conclusion asserts that while the processes of differentiation and capitalist conservation facilitate the revaluing of nature in market terms, the overall process remains recursive, partial and context dependent.
Keyword Nature
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 8 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 17 Oct 2011, 14:33:01 EST by Debbie Lim on behalf of School of Social Science