Numerical investigation of melt segregation using FEM coding environment Escript

Mohajeri, Arash, Muhlhaus, Hans, Finzi, Yaron and Gross, Lutz (2011). Numerical investigation of melt segregation using FEM coding environment Escript. In: Mitsuhisa Sato, Satoshi Matsuoka, Peter M. Sloot, G. Dick van Albada and Jack Dongarra, Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Science, ICCS 2011. ICCS 2011: International Conference on Computational Science. The Ascent of Computational Excellence, Singapore, Singapore, (1563-1571). 1-3 June 2011. doi:10.1016/j.procs.2011.04.169

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Author Mohajeri, Arash
Muhlhaus, Hans
Finzi, Yaron
Gross, Lutz
Title of paper Numerical investigation of melt segregation using FEM coding environment Escript
Conference name ICCS 2011: International Conference on Computational Science. The Ascent of Computational Excellence
Conference location Singapore, Singapore
Conference dates 1-3 June 2011
Proceedings title Proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Science, ICCS 2011   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Procedia Computer Science   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Publication Year 2011
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.1016/j.procs.2011.04.169
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
ISBN *****************
ISSN 1877-0509
Editor Mitsuhisa Sato
Satoshi Matsuoka
Peter M. Sloot
G. Dick van Albada
Jack Dongarra
Volume 4
Start page 1563
End page 1571
Total pages 9
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Understanding of melt segregation and extraction is one of the major outstanding problems of melting processes in Earth's mantle. The volcanoes that lie along the Earth's tectonic boundaries are fed by melt that is generated in the mantle. However, it still remains unclear how this melt is extracted and finds its way towards the volcanoes. Two important mechanisms in melt segregation and migration are reactive fluid flow and mechanical shear. Reactive fluid flow describes the formation and segregation/migration of melt significantly affected by chemical interaction between melt and rock. This reactive-infiltration instability results in melt fingering which eases the transition from porous to channelized flow and provides a key element in some of the geological phenomena on earth. The second important mechanism in melt migration is localization due to mechanical shear. Recent studies have shown that when partially molten rock is subjected to simple shear, bands of high and low porosity are formed at a particular angle to the direction of maximum extension. Thus melt distribution is also influenced by stresses in partially molten rock. The main aim of this paper is to identify the main mechanisms inducing melt segregation and effective flow. More specifically we investigate the melt reaction instability and melt band formation in this study. Here, in addition to providing a better understanding of melting phenomena in the mantle, we also develop a numerically validated model which can be used as an active and open source for future more complicated studies. For the melt bands problem, we employ the equations of magma migration in viscous materials which was originally derived by McKenzie (1984), and for the fingering instability problem we refer to the well known equations of reactive transport. We write two different numerical codes using the FEM environment “escript”. We test the codes for a set of well-understood case problems which have been studied previously by other researchers.
Keyword Melting
Fingering instability
Melt bands
Shear localization
Numerical modeling
Finite element
Escript
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Conference theme: “Responding to Continuous Global Change in Systems Needs” through complex adaptive systems

 
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Created: Wed, 12 Oct 2011, 17:14:48 EST by Yaron Finzi on behalf of Earth Systems Science Computational Centre