Reinforcement sensitivity theory, research, applications and future

Smillie, Luke D., Loxton, Natalie J. and Avery, Rachel E. (2011). Reinforcement sensitivity theory, research, applications and future. In Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic, Sophie von Strumm and Adrian Furnham (Ed.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of individual differences (pp. 101-131) Malden, MA, United States: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

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Author Smillie, Luke D.
Loxton, Natalie J.
Avery, Rachel E.
Title of chapter Reinforcement sensitivity theory, research, applications and future
Title of book The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of individual differences
Place of Publication Malden, MA, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Publication Year 2011
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
Series Wiley-Blackwell Handbooks in Personality and Individual Differences
ISBN 9781444334388
1444334387
Editor Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic
Sophie von Strumm
Adrian Furnham
Chapter number 4
Start page 101
End page 131
Total pages 31
Total chapters 30
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Abstract/Summary In this chapter we review the approach-avoidance process theory of personality proposed by Jeffrey Alan Gray (1970, 1973), now widely known as reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST). We begin by placing RST in the broader context of theory and research concerning approach and avoidance motivation. We then provide a snapshot of the animal research upon which the brain-behavior systems of RST were based. Next we discuss the vexed issue of how these systems might manifest themselves in personality space, and we review the latest empirical tests of RST as an explanation of personality variation. Finally, we consider applications of RST beyond personality: specifically, we review current opinion on the relevance of RST to psychopathology and clinical dysfunction and the potential for RST to underlie achievement motivation in learning and performance contexts. We conclude by looking to the future and highlighting a major challenge that we believe RST now faces.
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Description: xxiv, 820 p., [8] p. of col. plates : ill. ; 26 cm. Chapter included in: Section II Intelligence and Personality: Structure and Development. Part 1 Personality.

Document type: Book Chapter
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 12 Oct 2011, 23:05:22 EST by Dr Natalie Loxton on behalf of School of Psychology