Progress in virtual reality simulators for surgical training and certification

De Visser, Hans, Watson, Marcus O., Salvado, Olivier and Passenger, Joshua D. (2011) Progress in virtual reality simulators for surgical training and certification. Medical Journal of Australia, 194 4: S38-S40.

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Author De Visser, Hans
Watson, Marcus O.
Salvado, Olivier
Passenger, Joshua D.
Title Progress in virtual reality simulators for surgical training and certification
Journal name Medical Journal of Australia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0025-729X
Publication date 2011-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 194
Issue 4
Start page S38
End page S40
Total pages 3
Place of publication Strawberry Hills, NSW, Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
• There is increasing evidence that educating trainee surgeons by simulation is preferable to traditional operating-room training methods with actual patients. Apart from reducing costs and risks to patients, training by simulation can provide
some unique benefits, such as greater control over the training procedure and more easily defined metrics for assessing proficiency.
• Virtual reality (VR) simulators are now playing an increasing role in surgical training. However, currently available VR simulators lack the fidelity to teach trainees past the noviceto-intermediate skills level. Recent technological developments in other industries using simulation, such as the games and entertainment and aviation industries, suggest that the next generation of VR simulators should be suitable
for training, maintenance and certification of advanced surgical skills.
• To be effective as an advanced surgical training and assessment tool, VR simulation needs to provide adequate and relevant levels of physical realism, case complexity and performance assessment. Proper validation of VR simulators and an increased appreciation of their value by the medical profession are crucial for them to be accepted into surgical training curricula.
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

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