Measuring driver responses at railway level crossings

Tey, Li-Sian, Ferreira, Luis and Wallace, Angela (2011) Measuring driver responses at railway level crossings. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43 6: 2134-2141. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2011.06.003

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Author Tey, Li-Sian
Ferreira, Luis
Wallace, Angela
Title Measuring driver responses at railway level crossings
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
1879-2057
Publication date 2011-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2011.06.003
Volume 43
Issue 6
Start page 2134
End page 2141
Total pages 8
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Railway level crossings are amongst the most complex of road safety control systems, due to the conflicts between road vehicles and rail infrastructure, trains and train operations. Driver behaviour at railway crossings is the major collision factor. The main objective of the present paper was to evaluate the existing conventional warning devices in relation to driver behaviour. The common conventional warning devices in Australia are a stop sign (passive), flashing lights and a half boom-barrier with flashing lights (active). The data were collected using two approaches, namely: field video recordings at selected sites and a driving simulator in a laboratory. This paper describes and compares the driver response results from both the field survey and the driving simulator. The conclusion drawn is that different types of warning systems resulted in varying driver responses at crossings. The results showed that on average driver responses to passive crossings were poor when compared to active ones. The field results were consistent with the simulator results for the existing conventional warning devices and hence they may be used to calibrate the simulator for further evaluation of alternative warning systems.

Highlights: ► We evaluate driver responses towards three conventional warning devices for level crossings. ► We use two methods to collect driver responses data: field video recording and driving simulator experiment. ► Driver responses to passive crossings are less encouraging compared to active ones. ► Field results are consistent with simulator results. ► Hence, field results may be used to calibrate the simulator for further evaluation of alternative warning devices.
Keyword Railway level crossing
Warning devices
Field video recording
Driver compliance
Approaching speed profile
Final braking position
Grade crossings
Protection systems
Behavior
Accidents
Australia
Trains
Speed
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Fri, 07 Oct 2011, 16:05:37 EST by Jeannette Watson on behalf of Faculty Of Engineering, Architecture & Info Tech