Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management

Witzgall, Peter, Kirsch, Philipp and Cork, Alan (2010) Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 36 1: 80-100. doi:10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y

Author Witzgall, Peter
Kirsch, Philipp
Cork, Alan
Title Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management
Journal name Journal of Chemical Ecology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0098-0331
Publication date 2010-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1007/s10886-009-9737-y
Volume 36
Issue 1
Start page 80
End page 100
Total pages 21
Place of publication New York, NY, U.S.A.
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Language eng
Abstract The idea of using species-specific behavior-modifying chemicals for the management of noxious insects in agriculture, horticulture, forestry, stored products, and for insect vectors of diseases has been a driving ambition through five decades of pheromone research. Hundreds of pheromones and other semiochemicals have been discovered that are used to monitor the presence and abundance of insects and to protect plants and animals against insects. The estimated annual production of lures for monitoring and mass trapping is on the order of tens of millions, covering at least 10 million hectares. Insect populations are controlled by air permeation and attract-and-kill techniques on at least 1 million hectares. Here, we review the most important and widespread practical applications. Pheromones are increasingly efficient at low population densities, they do not adversely affect natural enemies, and they can, therefore, bring about a long-term reduction in insect populations that cannot be accomplished with conventional insecticides. A changing climate with higher growing season temperatures and altered rainfall patterns makes control of native and invasive insects an increasingly urgent challenge. Intensified insecticide use will not provide a solution, but pheromones and other semiochemicals instead can be implemented for sustainable area-wide management and will thus improve food security for a growing population. Given the scale of the challenges we face to mitigate the impacts of climate change, the time is right to intensify goal-oriented interdisciplinary research on semiochemicals, involving chemists, entomologists, and plant protection experts, in order to provide the urgently needed, and cost-effective technical solutions for sustainable insect management worldwide.
Keyword Sex pheromone
Mating disruption
Insect control
Integrated pest management
Food security
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Minerals Industry Safety and Health Centre Publications
ERA 2012 Admin Only
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 219 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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