Catalytic conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fine chemicals and fuels

Zhou, Chun-Hui, Xia, Xi, Lin, Chun-Xiang, Tong , Dong-Shen and Beltramini, Jorge (2011) Catalytic conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fine chemicals and fuels. Chemical Society Reviews, 40 11: 5588-5617. doi:10.1039/c1cs15124j


Author Zhou, Chun-Hui
Xia, Xi
Lin, Chun-Xiang
Tong , Dong-Shen
Beltramini, Jorge
Title Catalytic conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to fine chemicals and fuels
Journal name Chemical Society Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-0012
1460-4744
Publication date 2011-08
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1039/c1cs15124j
Volume 40
Issue 11
Start page 5588
End page 5617
Total pages 30
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant and bio-renewable resource with great potential for sustainable production of chemicals and fuels. This critical review provides insights into the state-of the-art accomplishments in the chemocatalytic technologies to generate fuels and value-added chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass, with an emphasis on its major component, cellulose. Catalytic hydrolysis, solvolysis, liquefaction, pyrolysis, gasification, hydrogenolysis and hydrogenation are the major processes presently studied. Regarding catalytic hydrolysis, the acid catalysts cover inorganic or organic acids and various solid acids such as sulfonated carbon, zeolites, heteropolyacids and oxides. Liquefaction and fast pyrolysis of cellulose are primarily conducted over catalysts with proper acidity/basicity. Gasification is typically conducted over supported noble metal catalysts. Reaction conditions, solvents and catalysts are the prime factors that affect the yield and composition of the target products. Most of processes yield a complex mixture, leading to problematic upgrading and separation. An emerging technique is to integrate hydrolysis, liquefaction or pyrolysis with hydrogenation over multifunctional solid catalysts to convert lignocellulosic biomass to value-added fine chemicals and bio-hydrocarbon fuels. And the promising catalysts might be supported transition metal catalysts and zeolite-related materials. There still exist technological barriers that need to be overcome (229 references).
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes First published on the web: 24 Aug 2011

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
Official 2012 Collection
 
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Created: Mon, 03 Oct 2011, 14:25:45 EST by Ms Chun Xiang Cynthia Lin on behalf of School of Chemical Engineering