Transport in the minerals industry – Contributions to greenhouse gas emissions and potential for mitigation

Li, Y., Corder, G. D. and McLellan, B. C. (2011) Transport in the minerals industry – Contributions to greenhouse gas emissions and potential for mitigation. Minerals engineering, 24 13: 1430-1439.

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Author Li, Y.
Corder, G. D.
McLellan, B. C.
Title Transport in the minerals industry – Contributions to greenhouse gas emissions and potential for mitigation
Journal name Minerals engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0892-6875
Publication date 2011-08-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.mineng.2011.07.001
Volume 24
Issue 13
Start page 1430
End page 1439
Total pages 10
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract The extraction of primary ores and the end user of the contained minerals are typically separated by large distances. Under current paradigms, the transportation of minerals is powered by fossil fuels, which produce significant greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). Off-site greenhouse gas emissions from transportation of mineral products are not currently considered to be within the scope of influence of the mineral industry except in those cases where the company owns and operates the transport fleet. The significance of
these emissions has therefore not been regularly accounted for. This paper presents the results of a study conducted by the authors of the emissions from transportation of Australian minerals (as one of the world’s key minerals producers). The results indicated that an estimated 4.4Mt of CO2-equivalent was produced domestically by transportation in 2008. This is equivalent to 6% of other emissions from the Australian minerals industry (McLellan, 2009). Estimates of the emissions from export shipping of Australian bulk minerals indicated that an additional 96.4Mt of CO2-equivalent is produced from this
source, which is 20% greater than the entire on-site and off-site electricity generation emissions from the Australian minerals industry. Possible mitigation options were examined, with fuel substitution for biodiesel, natural gas or hydrogen showing the highest potential in the medium to long term.
Keyword Environmental
Mining
Mineral processing
Transport
Greenhouse gas
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining Publications
Official 2012 Collection
 
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Created: Tue, 27 Sep 2011, 14:37:59 EST by Dr Glen Corder on behalf of Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining