Comparison of three carbon dioxide sources on phlebotomine sand fly capture in Egypt

Hoel, D. F., Zollner, G. E., El-Hossary, S. S., Fawaz, E. Y., Watany, N., Hanafi, H. A., Obenauer, P. J. and Kirsch, P. (2011) Comparison of three carbon dioxide sources on phlebotomine sand fly capture in Egypt. Journal of Medical Entomology, 48 5: 1057-1061. doi:10.1603/ME11083

Author Hoel, D. F.
Zollner, G. E.
El-Hossary, S. S.
Fawaz, E. Y.
Watany, N.
Hanafi, H. A.
Obenauer, P. J.
Kirsch, P.
Title Comparison of three carbon dioxide sources on phlebotomine sand fly capture in Egypt
Journal name Journal of Medical Entomology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-2585
Publication date 2011-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1603/ME11083
Volume 48
Issue 5
Start page 1057
End page 1061
Total pages 5
Place of publication Lanham, MD, United States
Publisher Entomological Society of America
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Lighted Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) light traps were baited with carbon dioxide (CO2) produced from three different sources to compare the efficacy of each in collecting phlebotomine sand flies in Bahrif village, Aswan Governorate, Egypt. Treatments consisted of compressed CO2 gas released at a rate of 250 ml/min, 1.5 kg of dry ice (replaced daily) sublimating from an insulated plastic container, CO2 gas produced from a prototype FASTGAS (FG) CO2 generator system (APTIV Inc., Portland, OR), and a CDC light trap without a CO2 source. Carbon dioxide was released above each treatment trap's catch opening. Traps were placed in a 4 x 4 Latin square designed study with three replications completed after four consecutive nights in August 2007. During the study, 1,842 phlebotomine sand flies were collected from two genera and five species. Traps collected 1,739 (94.4%) Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli), 19 (1.0%) Phlebotomus sergenti, 64 (3.5%) Sergentomyia schwetzi, 16 (0.9%) Sergentomyia palestinensis, and four (0.2%) Sergentomyia tiberiadis. Overall treatment results were dry ice (541) > FG (504) > compressed gas (454) > no CO2 (343). Total catches of P. papatasi were not significantly different between treatments, although CO2-baited traps collected 23–34% more sand flies than the unbaited (control) trap. Results indicate that the traps baited with a prototype CO2 generator were as attractive as traps supplied with CO2 sources traditionally used in sand fly surveillance efforts. Field-deployable CO2 generators are particularly advantageous in remote areas where dry ice or compressed gas is dificult to obtain.
Keyword Compressed CO2
Phlebotomus papatasi
CO2 generator system
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Minerals Industry Safety and Health Centre Publications
Official 2012 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 4 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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