Childhood social withdrawal, interpersonal impairment, and young adult depression: A mediational model

Katz, Shaina J., Conway, Christopher C., Hammen, Constance L., Brennan, Patricia A. and Najman, Jake M. (2011) Childhood social withdrawal, interpersonal impairment, and young adult depression: A mediational model. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39 8: 1227-1238. doi:10.1007/s10802-011-9537-z


Author Katz, Shaina J.
Conway, Christopher C.
Hammen, Constance L.
Brennan, Patricia A.
Najman, Jake M.
Title Childhood social withdrawal, interpersonal impairment, and young adult depression: A mediational model
Journal name Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0091-0627
Publication date 2011-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10802-011-9537-z
Volume 39
Issue 8
Start page 1227
End page 1238
Total pages 12
Place of publication United States
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Abstract Building on interpersonal theories of depression, the current study sought to explore whether early childhood social withdrawal serves as a risk factor for depressive symptoms and diagnoses in young adulthood. The researchers hypothesized that social impairment at age 15 would mediate the association between social withdrawal at age 5 and depression by age 20. This mediational model was tested in a community sample of 702 Australian youth followed from mother's pregnancy to youth age 20. Structural equation modeling analyses found support for a model in which childhood social withdrawal predicted adolescent social impairment, which, in turn, predicted depression in young adulthood. Additionally, gender was found to moderate the relationship between adolescent social impairment and depression in early adulthood, with females exhibiting a stronger association between social functioning and depression at the symptom and diagnostic level. This study illuminates one potential pathway from early developing social difficulties to later depressive symptoms and disorders.
Keyword Community sample
Depression
Interpersonal functioning
Longitudinal studies
Social impairment
Social withdrawal
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 23 Sep 2011, 11:39:35 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health