Economic impacts of conservation farming in a marginal environment: the case of Landcare in the Philippines

Newby, J.C. and Cramb, R.A. (2011) Economic impacts of conservation farming in a marginal environment: the case of Landcare in the Philippines. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 9 3: 456-470. doi:10.1080/14735903.2011.583479


Author Newby, J.C.
Cramb, R.A.
Title Economic impacts of conservation farming in a marginal environment: the case of Landcare in the Philippines
Journal name International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1473-5903
Publication date 2011-09-15
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/14735903.2011.583479
Volume 9
Issue 3
Start page 456
End page 470
Total pages 15
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Earthscan Ltd.
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Abstract In the marginal, upland regions of the Philippines, soil erosion and poverty are significant problems. The Landcare Programme has sought to address these twin problems. We assess the economic impacts of the Landcare Programme in the Province of Bohol. We first explore whether the adoption of Landcare practices, particularly those of contour farming and tree planting, in a highly degraded landscape has resulted in improved livelihood outcomes for upland farming families. Second, we analyse the potential for the piecemeal adoption of these measures to deliver tangible benefits at the watershed scale. Finally, using a benefit–cost approach, these outcomes are compared with the costs of research and extension projects that have helped achieve them. We conclude that the net economic impact of the Landcare Programme in Bohol is positive, with the primary beneficiaries being the individual households that adopt the Landcare practices. These benefits are largely generated by productive opportunities that arise once the hillsides have been stabilized. Although the downstream impacts of land-use changes associated with the Landcare Programme are positive, they are of marginal economic importance. Hence, the focus and primary justification of the Landcare Programme should be on improving the productivity and livelihoods of upland farming households.
Keyword Benefit–cost analysis
Livelihoods
Rural poverty
Soil and water conservation
Watersheds
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
 
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Created: Thu, 22 Sep 2011, 16:29:36 EST by Rob Cramb on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences