Determination of appropriate uses for waterfront land is a dilemma facing many coastal managers. Introduction of a water dependency factor to the planning process is one answer to the particular attention required in planning for coastal zones.
This thesis aims at investigating the general perception that there exists a place in particular planning processes for a methodology for analysing possible waterfront land use. It sets about achieving this aim through a staged analytical and methodical approach.
The identification of land uses competing for space on the waterfront gives an overview of principal uses diverse in nature - ranging from tourism and recreation, conservation and education, fishing, mining, primary production, transport, and of course, urban and industrial development. The nature and source of land use competition is analysed within the statutory framework and highlights the problems facing coastal managers in adjudicating between noncompatible uses in an equitable manner. An overview of the five basic development circumstances, upon which rational allocation of coastal resources are dependent, looks at the influences of environmental, economic, social, technological and political circumstances. The sphere of influence of these development circumstances is analysed in searching for a position of potential compatibility between competing behaviour units. This process involves an analysis of conflict in urban and regional planning and identifies a significant misplacement of emphasis in environmental impact assessments in Queensland.
A case study of transformations occurring on The Spit area of the City of Gold Coast in Queensland is undertaken on the basis that it is perceived that this complex area exhibits characteristics of competition and conflict in a waterfront situation - an area which has been subjected to intense activity and rapid change - an area where the coastline has been altered to meet man's objectives in the symbiotic juxtaposition of an aesthetic and economic relationship that exists between land and water. This case study analyses, comprehensively, the rezonings that have occurred and the development pressures which are exerted.
Having established the need for an analytical methodology for determining appropriate waterfront land use, appropriate principles are derived. The principles thus established relate to the need for application of environmental thresholds, a water dependency factor, an integrated management system and general development circumstances. The scope for application of these principles introduces relevant analytical evaluation techniques to a universal planning process. The methodology thus proposed is envisaged as operating within a unique 'Lead Agency' concept of 'Integrated Management' in Queensland.
The thesis establishes that categorisation of land uses based on their degree of water dependency is an essential component within the framework for a methodology to determine appropriate uses for waterfront land in Queensland.