Phylogenetic analysis of subterranean termites (Coptotermes spp., Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) indicates the origins of Hawaiian and North American invasions: Potential implications for invasion biology

Gentz, Margaret C., Rubinoff, Daniel and Grace, J. Kenneth (2008) Phylogenetic analysis of subterranean termites (Coptotermes spp., Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) indicates the origins of Hawaiian and North American invasions: Potential implications for invasion biology. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 40 1-9.

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Author Gentz, Margaret C.
Rubinoff, Daniel
Grace, J. Kenneth
Title Phylogenetic analysis of subterranean termites (Coptotermes spp., Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) indicates the origins of Hawaiian and North American invasions: Potential implications for invasion biology
Formatted title
Phylogenetic analysis of subterranean termites (Coptotermes spp., Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) indicates the origins of Hawaiian and North American invasions: Potential implications for invasion biology
Journal name Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0073-134X
Publication date 2008-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 40
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Editor Mark G. Wright
Daniel Rubinoff
Place of publication Honolulu, HI, U.S.A.
Publisher Hawaiian Entomological Society
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Subterranean termites in the genus Coptotermes Holmgren are structural pests that have become globally distributed beyond their native range in Southeast Asia. Because of their destructive nature, it is useful to understand the pathways of their spread. Additionally, phylogenetic analysis of evolutionary relationships may lead to increased accuracy of insecticide-based management on the basis that related species are likely to share similar physiology. Cytochrome oxidase II nucleotide sequences were used to construct phylogenies of subterranean termites using both maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood models. The data set included subterranean termites (Rhinotermitidae), including C. formosanus Shiraki, and used drywood termites (Kalotermitidae) as putative outgroups. Both methods supported the main results, that Hawaiian infestations likely originated in Asia and that some infestations in North America either came through Hawaii or originated independently from the same ancestral region as the Hawaiian infestations. Coptotermes formosanus, the most significant pest, appears to be paraphyletic with respect to several other species in the genus, and may represent two cryptic species. Other infestations in North America appear to have originated separately in Asia. A phylogeographic hypothesis based on non-molecular information was also supported by these data.
Keyword Invasive species
Invasion pattern
Structural pests
Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Institute for Molecular Bioscience - Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 15 Sep 2011, 14:35:32 EST by Susan Allen on behalf of Institute for Molecular Bioscience