Discrimination of picture requests for missing items among young children with developmental disabilities

Sigafoos, Jeff, Couzens, Donna, Pennell, Donna, Shaw, Diane and Dudfield, Greg (1995) Discrimination of picture requests for missing items among young children with developmental disabilities. Journal of Behavioral Education, 5 3: 295-317. doi:10.1007/BF02110317


Author Sigafoos, Jeff
Couzens, Donna
Pennell, Donna
Shaw, Diane
Dudfield, Greg
Title Discrimination of picture requests for missing items among young children with developmental disabilities
Journal name Journal of Behavioral Education   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1053-0819
1573-3513
Publication date 1995-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF02110317
Volume 5
Issue 3
Start page 295
End page 317
Total pages 23
Place of publication New York, United States
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Abstract Two experiments were conducted to assess discrimination of picture requests for missing items among young children with developmental disabilities. In Experiment 1, three children were first taught to request one object when it was missing from a set of two related leisure items. In Experiment 2, two children were taught to request one object belonging to a set of three leisure items. In both studies the requesting response consisted of pointing to a photograph of the missing item. After acquisition of the initial request, discrimination of picture requests was assessed when the second item (Experiment 1) and second or third item (Experiment 2) was missing. Requests for the untrained items emerged in the presence of natural maintaining contingencies and in the absence of instructional prompts for all but the third child in Experiment 1. This child required continued intervention on the initial request. The results suggest that for some children a sequence of intervention and the programming of natural maintaining contingencies may prove effective in promoting the discrimination of picture requests for missing items among young children with developmental disabilities.
Keyword Severe disabilities
Augmentative communication
Requesting
Missing-item format
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences - Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 13 Sep 2011, 16:09:20 EST by Dr Donna Couzens on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences