A blueprint for blue carbon: Toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2

Mcleod, Elizabeth, Chmura, Gail L., Bouillon, Steven, Salm, Rodney, Björk, Mats, Duarte, Carlos M., Lovelock, Catherine E., Schlesinger, William H. and Silliman, Brian R. (2011) A blueprint for blue carbon: Toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9 10: 552-560.


Author Mcleod, Elizabeth
Chmura, Gail L.
Bouillon, Steven
Salm, Rodney
Björk, Mats
Duarte, Carlos M.
Lovelock, Catherine E.
Schlesinger, William H.
Silliman, Brian R.
Title A blueprint for blue carbon: Toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2
Formatted title A blueprint for blue carbon: Toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2
Journal name Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1540-9295
1540-9309
Publication date 2011-12
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1890/110004
Volume 9
Issue 10
Start page 552
End page 560
Total pages 9
Place of publication Washington, DC, U.S.A.
Publisher Ecological Society of America
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract Recent research has highlighted the valuable role that coastal and marine ecosystems play in sequestering carbon dioxide (CO2). The carbon (C) sequestered in vegetated coastal ecosystems, specifically mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and salt marshes, has been termed “blue carbon”. Although their global area is one to two orders of magnitude smaller than that of terrestrial forests, the contribution of vegetated coastal habitats per unit area to long-term C sequestration is much greater, in part because of their efficiency in trapping suspended matter and associated organic C during tidal inundation. Despite the value of mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and salt marshes in sequestering C, and the other goods and services they provide, these systems are being lost at critical rates and action is urgently needed to prevent further degradation and loss. Recognition of their C sequestration value provides a strong argument for their protection and restoration; however, it is necessary to improve scientific understanding of the underlying mechanisms that control C sequestration in these ecosystems. Here, we identify key areas of uncertainty and specific actions needed to address them.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 12 Sep 2011, 12:04:34 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences