Carotenoid content of different edible pandanus fruit cultivars of the republic of the Marshall Islands

Englberger, Lois, Aalbersberg, William, Schierle, Joseph, Marks, Geoffrey C., Fitzgerald, Maureen H., Muller, Fred, Jekkein, Anko, Alfred, Julia and Velde, Nancy Vander (2006) Carotenoid content of different edible pandanus fruit cultivars of the republic of the Marshall Islands. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 19 6-7: 484-494. doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2005.11.003

Author Englberger, Lois
Aalbersberg, William
Schierle, Joseph
Marks, Geoffrey C.
Fitzgerald, Maureen H.
Muller, Fred
Jekkein, Anko
Alfred, Julia
Velde, Nancy Vander
Title Carotenoid content of different edible pandanus fruit cultivars of the republic of the Marshall Islands
Journal name Journal of Food Composition and Analysis   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0889-1575
Publication date 2006-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jfca.2005.11.003
Volume 19
Issue 6-7
Start page 484
End page 494
Total pages 11
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Formatted abstract
 As Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a serious problem in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), it is important to identify locally grown, acceptable sources of vitamin A. Pandanus fruit, a traditional Marshallese staple food, has a yellow-orange colouration suggesting substantial carotenoid content. However, few of the many Marshallese cultivars were previously analysed for nutrient content. Thus, this study was conducted in order to identify carotenoid-rich Marshallese pandanus cultivars that could be promoted to alleviate VAD. Ethnography was used to select cultivars and assess acceptability. Thirteen cultivars were analysed by two laboratories for α- and β - carotene and other carotenoids using high-performance liquid chromatography. The cultivars contained a range of carotenoid levels (21–902 µg β -carotene/100 g), with higher levels in cultivars having deeper yellow-orange coloured fruit; 10 cultivars had significant levels that meet estimated vitamin A requirements within normal consumption patterns. There was excellent agreement between the laboratories’ results. Pandanus has been increasingly neglected in recent years, but is still well liked and considered a Marshallese health food. The promotion of carotenoid-rich culturally acceptable pandanus cultivars could contribute to alleviating vitamin A, micronutrient, and chronic disease problems in the RMI and other Pacific contexts, particularly atoll islands, where pandanus is an important food.  
Keyword Pandanus
Vitamin A
Marshall islands
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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